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CONCUSSION INFORMATION

What is a concussion?

A type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a direct blow to the head or body that results in rapid movement of the head, which may cause altered mental status, changes in behavior, and/or physical functioning. 

 

What are some signs and symptoms of a concussion?

If one, or any of the signs and symptoms below are recognized after a direct blow to the head or body, the athlete should not return to physical activity, and should be evaluated by the appropriate health care professional trained in evaluating and managing concussions, such as an athletic trainer, sports medicine physician, or neurologist.

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea, or vomitting
  • Ringing in ears (tinnitus)
  • Visual impairments, such as double or blurry vision
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Concentration or memory problems
  • Confusion
  • Poor balance/coordination
  • Personality changes
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Does not “feel right” or feels “slowed down”

 

What should be done if a concussion is suspected?

1. Remove the athlete from play. 

2. Make sure that the athlete is seen by an appropriate health care professional, who is experienced in evaluating and managing concussions, such as an athletic trainer, sports medicine physician, or neurologist. Write down any signs and symptoms of the concussion that are reported and observed to help the health care professional in their assessment of the injury. 

3. If the following problems develop, seek medical attention IMMEDIATELY!

  • Worsening headache
  • Vomiting
  • Stumbling/loss of balance
  • Blurred/double vision
  • Memory loss/confusion
  • Personality changes

 

It is STRONGLY recommended for the athlete to visit your school’s certified athletic trainer (ATC) DAILY to check symptoms. Per MSHSL rules, it is REQUIRED to be cleared by a physician or ATC in order to return to play.

 Additional concussion resources can be found here: http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/sports/index.html